Curriculum

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curriculum Areas

“The human hand allows the mind to reveal itself.„   Maria Montessori

In the Montessori classroom, the space is divided into several logical areas with low open shelves: one for practical Life exercises, one for Sensorial, one for Language, another for Numeracy and Arithmetic and for Cultural Studies that include the basics of geography, history, biology, science as well as an area dedicated for creative activities.

The Montessori Curriculum is an integrated thematic approach that ties the separate disciplines together. In this way, one lesson leads to many others.

Each material isolates one concept or skill that has been specially designed in a way that it is inviting for children. Most materials also have an inbuilt mechanism that allows "control of error" which means that the child can check his own work without being dependant on adult approval. „Montessori children“ learn not to be afraid of making mistakes. They quickly find that they can try again without fear of embarrassment.

The materials are used as tools to help children work and learn at their own pace, to see abstract ideas presented in a very concrete, three-dimensional way, and to help them grasp and understand what they are working on.

Spacious classrooms are arranged for children of various ages. In this setting, the children learn from one another. The younger children are introduced to what they will be learning and instinctively 'look up' to the older children who love the responsibility of sharing their acquired knowledge.

 

Practical Life

In Practical Life, the children learn to become more independent and maintain a respect for themselves and the environment around them. The young learner is invited to act and work on real life tasks that foster independence, coordination, order and concentration. It is in a sense the doorway to the Montessori curriculum.

Sensorial

In Sensorial, all the five senses are employed in learning to differentiate between dimensions, colors, forms, textures, sounds, odors and tastes. Montessori considered the refinement of the senses a starting point for intellectual growth. She believed that by helping children to order, compare and classify sensory stimulation, their intellectual development would be greatly assisted and future learning would be more meaningful and useful. The unique materials in this area continue to be simple and engaging, helping children become masters at distinguishing and differentiating the physical properties of items in their world.

Numeracy and Arithmetic

The central purpose of the Math materials in the early years is to lay the foundation for later cognitive development and to prepare for the gradual transition to abstract thinking. The primary value of these activities is found in the way they transform ideas into actions on concrete materials. „Montessori children“ use hands-on learning materials that make abstract concepts clear and concrete.

Language

The academic program in Language includes phonetically based materials for reading, writing, and oral articulation. Many activities in this area foster vocabulary development, communication skills and preperation for writing and reading. In the Montessori Method, writing precedes reading. Children explore the sounds that compose words and by relating them to the letters of the alphabet, they are able to produce words and sentences without any mechanical difficulties. Reading is prepared indirectly from writing.

Cultural

The Cultural studies incorporate science, history, zoology, botany and geography. The children use puzzle maps to learn the seven continents and study cultural items from various countries. There are unit studies on the solar system, weather, seasons, the human body, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, time lines, and many other subjects. Science is an integral element of the Montessori curriculum. The Montessori approach to science cultivates children's fascination with the universe and helps them develop a lifelong interest in observing nature and discovering more about the world in which we live. We take regular care of our Science and Nature garden. With its vegetable growing patch, herb garden, fruit trees and its many budding flowers, this garden serves as true insiration for botanical exploration. The small pond offers home to plenty of wildlife to be observed. 

The Children´s House has Guinea Pigs, a spacious aquarium, stick insects and an African Agapornis couple, all looked after by the children.

Arts and Creativitiy

Art is a study of who we are culturally, it is a mechanism for self-expression, it supports collaboration and it is a form of communication. Visual Art activities and lessons are integrated in the curriculum at all levels of the program. Art materials are available in all classrooms, and children are encouraged to involve themselves in artistic expression.